Time is it cyclical or linear, A Fresh Look At The Indian Yug System – Part IV

From this point onward the Sun began to move towards the Vishnu Nabhi or grand center and the human intellect slowly started to develop. During the 1100 years of the ascending kali Yuga there were frequent wars all over the world and man’s cruelty and brutality knew no end. This period ended in 1599AD.

Yuga system diagram copy

At the end of the kali Yuga the hundred year period of Yuga Sandhi came into effect to usher in the Dwapar Yuga. Slowly the human intellect began to develop and we took the first few hesitant steps towards the understanding of electric current and magnetism. In 1600 AD William Gilbert studied the magnetic forces and observed the presence of electricity in all living beings. A little later Kepler discovered the laws of astronomy and the first Telescope was invented by Galileo. In 1621 Drebbel of Holland produced the first microscope. In 1670 Newton  laid down the laws of gravitation and a little later in 1700 AD Thomas Savary used the steam power to lift water from the mines for the first time. In 1720 Stephen Grey discovered the action of electricity on human body. These discoveries and inventions came rapidly on the heals of one another. This became possible because the heavy burden of Kali Yuga was lifted from the minds of humanity and human intellect could begin to soar in the realm of pure thought.

The political structure too underwent a major change. People began respecting themselves and the all powerful medieval political system became less rigid and suffocating. In England democracy took firm roots and undermined the power of the king. Concept of  liberty, equality and fraternity gained ground in France and the united states of America won its independence. The war torn Europe at long last saw some peace.

The rising Dwapar gave a huge impetus to the utilization of fine energies like electricity and magnetism. Electric motors combining the two forms of energy came into common use. Mankind learned to harness these energies though their real nature still eludes us.

In 1899 the two hundred year period of Dwapar Sandhi came to an end and the two thousand years long Dwapar Yuga began. This coming period will give us a real understanding of electricity and magnetism. As Dwapar advances, communication will become increasingly widespread and technologies will keep emerging that will simplify this process.

The mistake

According to this new theory, the Hindu almanacs do not show correctly the present Dwapar Yuga. The astronomers and astrologers who calculate the ephemeris maintain that the duration of Kali Yuga is 432000 years of which only 5103 years have passed till 2003, leaving 426897 years still remaining. Fortunately this is not true.

The reason for this mistake can be traced back to the reign of Raja Parikshit who lived around 700 BC. This was immediately after the completion of the last descending Dwapar Yuga. At that time Maharaja Yudhishthir noticing the approaching dark Kali Yuga, relinquished his throne to his grandson Raja Parikshit and retired to the Himalayas. All the learned and wise men of his court migrated along with him and so there was no one left who could understand the principle of correctly calculating the age of the Yugas.

After the completion of the 2400 years of the then current Dwapar Yuga, no one wanted to – and dared to – announce the end of Dwapar and the beginning of the coming Kali Yuga.

This wrong method of calculation in two steps went like this:

First mistake

The first year of kali Yuga was numbered 2401 along with the age of the now ended Dwapar Yuga. In AD 499 when the 1200 years of the length of the true kali Yuga were complete, the age of kali Yuga was given as 2400+1200 = 3600 years.

And the second

As the Sun began to move towards the Vishnu Nabhi or grand center the intellectual power of man began to rise. The mistake in the almanacs thus came to the notice of the Pundits living at that time. They found that the ancient Rishis had fixed the duration of the kali Yuga at only 1200 years. They could however make out only the mistake and not the reason for it. They interpreted that the 1200 years of the real age of kali were not solar years but so many Daiva years. Each Daiva year was supposed to contain  12 Daiva months and each Daiva month  was supposed to contain 30 Daiva days. Further each Daiva Day was taken to be equal to one solar year of our earth.

The simple mathematical calculation went like this.

1200 (Age of Kali Yug) X 12 (Daiva months) X 30 (Daiva days) = 432000 (Daiva Days)

Since each Daiva day equals one solar year, therefore total length of Kali Yuga is 432000 years.

The ephemeris shows that the autumnal equinox now to be almost 23.85º from the first degree of Aries. This shows through a simple calculation that 1705 years have passed since the time that the equinox began to recede from the first degrees of Aries.

Deducting 1200 years (The age of kali Yuga) from 1705 we get a figure of 505 years to show the present year of our world’s entry into the Dwapar Yuga.

The present year is thus 505 Dwapar.

As time passes this view mentioned above will gain ground and replace the old one which gives hugely inflated number of years for each Yug.

Resonance of this view

The only other people who kept meticulous track of time like us were Mayans of South America. They were no strangers to our forefathers. Mayans have been mentioned twice in our epics. Once in Ramayan and the second time in Mahabharat. In both instances they are depicted as master builders and technologically advanced race. Their calendar is very similar to ours and corresponds to our Yug system.

Calculations from Mahabharat

Scholars from across the world came together, for the first time, in an attempt to establish the ‘Date of Kurukshetra War based on astronomical data.’  Undoubtedly, it was a comprehensive presentation of information in a discussion group, held on January 5 and 6, 2003 at the Mythic Society, Bangalore.

Scholars analyzed the astrological  information present in Mahabharat and their estimates varied from 2067 BC to 1478  BC. This is roughly in accordance with the Dwapar period given by the revised theory.

I feel that we should be open to new ideas when dealing with ancient Indian history. It has been misrepresented and misinterpreted due to many reasons and needs a fresh look.

Send your bouquets and brickbats at

Rajiv Sethi

Your feedback and suggestions about blog quality and blog topics are very welcome.

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